˹ѡ |  ʹ ١ |  ͧ¹͹غ |  Դŧɳ |  Դ Anubarn.com  
 
 
ѧѴ
 
 
 
 
 

 

ǤԴ͹Ẻ ⤻ 

.Դ Ǥ (Dr.David Weikart) иҹŹԸԨ¡֡⤻ (High/Scope Educational Research Foundation) 繼ѺйѡԪҡйѡԨ ҷ (Mary Hohmann) . (Dr.Larry Schweinhart) ѲҢ鹨ҡ ç ʤ (Perry Preschool Project) ..2505 ˹ç Head Start ͪ 硴͡ա֡ҷ лʺ 㹪Ե

ŹԸԨ¡֡⤻֡ºº 3 Сͺ¡ Ѻ͹ ҡµç (Direct Instruction) Ẻ (Traditional Nursery) СѺ ʺó⤻ ҡ֡ҵԴҹ дѺ¨֧ 29 ҡ¹⤻ջѭҾĵԡ ҧѧ- ö١Ѻѡ ¼ ͧҧ 㹪Ե¡ա 2 ѧ ֧٨Ҫ ͧѹҪҡ ٹ 稷ҧ֡мżԵʹԵ (Weikart and others, 1978 Schweinhart, 1988 1997)

͡ҡ ŹԸ Ѳкý֡ͺؤҡ÷ջԷҾ ¹ 㹻Ѱ ԡлȵҧ š ੾㹻Ѱԡ ٨ӹǹҡ 33,000 Ѻ ý֡ͺͧ⤻ ШҡǨҪԡ ҡ 200,000 ͧҤ֡һ觪ҵ (NAEYC) 28 ͧҪԡѺý֡ͺͧ⤻ 44 ⤻㹺ҧ
Ժ (Schweinhart, 1997)

ɮշԷԾ
þѲ⤻ɮվѲҡ÷ҧʵԻѭ (Cognitive Theory) ͧਵ (Piaget) 繾鹰ҹ੾Сҧͧͧ¹ ¹Ẻŧ͡з (Active Learning) еաüҹɮ ǤԴ ɮբͧԡѹ (Erikson) ͧ͡繼͡Ԩҧ ҧзɮբͧ ǡ͵ʡ (Vygotsky) ͧ ѹС 繵

ѡ
⤻鹡¹Ẻŧ͡зӼҹ蹷ҡ Ԩ ѺѲҡâͧ Сѭҧе

¹Ẻŧ͡з (Active Learning)
ѡ÷Ҥѭͧ⤻дѺ ¹Ẻŧ͡з 觶 鹰ҹҤѭ 㹡þѲ ¹Ẻŧ͡зҨԴҧջԷҾҡ شѲҧ ѺѲҡ ¹Ẻŧ ͡з ¶֧ ¹ѴзҡѺѵ ջѹ Ѻؤ Դ˵ءó з öҧͧ ͧ (Hohmann and Weikart,1995) 駹 ͧСͺͧ ¹Ẻŧ͡з

1. ͡еѴԹ 硨繼ԨҡʹФ㨢ͧͧ 繼͡ʴػó еѴԹ ʴػóҧ ÷͡͡еѴԹ㨷 Դ¹µ ͧҡѺö·ʹҡ˭ ѧ鹼˭ ˹ѡ֧Ӥѭͧ ͡ СõѴԹ㨵ͧѴз͡ʹ ѹз軯ԺѵԡԨѵûШѹ੾ 㹪ǧҹ

2. ͧ¹¹Ẻŧ͡зӨͧ ʴػó ҡ § ѺдѺآͧ 硵ͧ͡ § ͡ʴػóҧ ͧʴػóҧ 硨͡ § зӵҧ ¹ͧͧѹ ͡ 㹡ѭ ҡ鹴

3. ҷʷ 5 ¹¡ŧ͡зͧǢͧѺҷʷ 5 Ǩ ШѴзӡѺѵµçѡѵ ѧҡ硤¡Ѻѵ 硨йѵ
صҧ Ǣͧѹ¹ ͧѹ ˭˹ҷѴ硤鹾ѹ ҹµͧ

4. Ҩҡ 觷硾ٴз͹ʺóФ㨢ͧ ͧ ¹¹ Ẻŧ͡зѡҵ ѧ ͷ ѹ 㹡 ͤԴѡѧԴ 繢ͧ 硨¹Ըաþٴ 繷Ѻͧ Ѳҡ ԴǺ 仡ѺþѲ 㹵ͧ

5. ʹѺʹعҡ˭ ˭ͧ¹¹Ẻŧ͡зҵͧҧѹѺ ѧࡵФ ʹ㨢ͧ ˭Ѻѧ 硤Դ 觵ҧ µ ͧ ͧ¹¹Ẻ ŧ͡з 硨༪ԭѺʺóҤѭ ǫ ա㹪ԵШѹҧ 繸ҵ ʺóҤѭ繡حᨷ㹡ҧ ͧͧ ͹ͺԴ зҤ㨡¹Ẻŧ з öҨҡѴ ʺóҤѭǹ˹觢ͧ 硨еͧ ¡ûѹѺѵ ǤԴ˵ءó Ӥѭҧ ҧҡ ʺ óӤѭ繡ͺ ԴѺ˭㹡㨡¹ͧ öҧἹ èѴʺ óлԹѲҡâͧҧ

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
 
Դ Anubarn.com
.081-343-2101 : info@anubarn.com

Copyright 2006 by Anubarn.com