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͹ͧ (Whole Language Approach)

͹ͧ (Whole Language Approach) 繹ѵ֡ҷʹǤԴ㹡͹ Դҡͧѡ֡йѡʵ ͧ繻ѭҡ¹Ңͧ Դҡ͹зҧѡ ¹͹ʹ 仵ҵԤ Ѻ ʹФöͧͤҹ֧֧ª硨繵ͧ㹡¹ С Եԧ ҡ͹Ẻ (traditional approaches) 鹤Ҥѭͧʺóҷ㹪Եԧ ֧͡¹ҧդҷ

ѡǷɮշԷԾ

ǡ͹ͧԴҡѡǷɮբͧѡ֡йѡʵժ§ ҷ (Dewey) ਵ (Piaget) ǡ͵ʡ (Vygotsky) (Halliday) ૹŵ (Rosenblatt) 繤ҤѭͧèѴʺó;ѲҡäԴҢͧ㹺ԺҧѧѲ ҧѹҧ١Ѻ ʹҧҡȡ¹ͺʹͧҵ Ѻ鹾Ѳ âͧ ѡҹ͹ǤԴ㹡ûѺ¹͹ зդʹԴ ç٧㨷¹բ觷¹դԴ֡ҡ¹
ͧҡҺҡ

ह๷ (Kenneth Goodman) ҡ͹ͧҤѭѺԵ ·硵ͧ¹ еͧ͡¹ ٨еͧ˹ѡ㹤Ҥѭ ѧ Шҡ֡ʵԧԵԷ ѧԷ
ҹԷ Ѫ ˹ѧ СèѴѡٵ Ѻ¡ͧ㹰ҹмءԡǡ͹ͧ ռʹ㨹ҤԴ㹻ȵҧ ռʹѺʹعҧҧҧ 㹪ǧ 1970 繵

ٴԷ (Judith Newman) ˹ѧ Whole Language Theory in Use ҡ͹ǤԴͧѡɳ繻Ѫ(Philosophical stance) Դͧ͹С͵Ǣ鹨ҡѡ͹͹һҹѹ

ѵѹ (Watson) ͸ԺҼ͹лҹǡ͹ͧѺͧСͺҧɮ (theory) (belief) СùҤҧɮФ任ԺѵԨԧ (practice) ͧСͺ 3 դѹʹѺʹعѹ Сѹǧ÷͹ԴþѲҡ͹µͧ ŨҡѧࡵͷҤ ö Сʴͧ͡Ф ѹ֡˹Ңͧ¹Ңͧҧ ٨öҧǤԴԧѪҡ͹ҡǧҤҵͺ (inquiry) ¾ҷɮ㹡 ͹ԧ (inactive theory active) ٨ͧ͢ҡ (unexamined belief examined) оѲҡ͹ͧ (borrowed practice owned)

кǹ

ҡȡ¹㹪¹ѡɳ繡͡ѹҧ ҧἹͤԴ¡ѹ з ҧ 繵ͧʴػó 觷ͧҧ èЪ·ҧҹǹ

ҧἹշἹ (long-range plans) ҧͺԴҧ Ἱ (short-range plans) Ф٨Դٴ»֡ҡѹ´Т鹵͹㹡÷ҡԨ

ҷͧ٨繼Ըա÷§ʺóѹѺԨѴ Ҩ繡ͧ¾ Դ͡硾ٴҡԴͻʺó㹢пѧͧҡ˹ѧͷ ͡ҹѧ èѴ˹ѧͷСѺ㹪¹ ͡Ժҹ;ԡ ҧ¡ѺҾԴе˹ѧ 觤繵ͧ͹ҹ͡ ҹẺ¹ 1 2 ¹

¹蹡ѹ ö١ѧѺ¹Ǿѭ ¤ 㹺ҡȡ͹ 硨ʴͧ ҵͧ¹觷դ觷ҡ͡ ¹á֧繡÷ҧԴ ԴҡʺóͧФͧͤ蹷Һ á硨¹鹢ءԡµ˹ѧ¹Сҧ ѧ١ͧ ٷǡ͹ ͧ Ф Դͧ¹˹ѧͧ͢ ˹觷¹Դ 㹷ѹѧࡵҡҧҧ 硾 ѧࡵЪ硻Ѻ¹١ͧ Դ֡ԴͶ١ŧ ҨռŷҧȹԢͧҡ ѧ鹡ѧࡵͧҤѭҧ觷 еͧҴ Фʴ͡ҧ ٨֧ͧպҷ㹡Ҵ (kid-watcher) ͻԹö ¹ ШѴʺóҹ¡þѲҢͧ硴µǤͧʹ

ûԹŷپԨóҨҡѧࡵ úѹ֡ ͧ·ҧҢͧ硢зҡԨҧ С鹧ҹҤѭҧ 繡ûԹ¹ҨҡҾԧ (authentic forms of assessment) ջª͡þѲҡҡẺͺҧ

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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